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Islam Bashing

from Faruque Ahmed -

Mishnah: A girl of the age of 3 years and a day may be betrothed, subject to her father's approval, by sexual intercourse.

Gemara: Our Rabbis taught: 'A girl of the age of 3 years may be betrothed by sexual intercourse.' "


Kisan,

Do you like me to talk about 2000 wives, concubines and boyfriends of King David or Jewish sex with three years and one day old baby girl as per Mishnah!

Mishnah: A girl of the age of 3 years and a day may be betrothed, subject to her father's approval, by sexual intercourse.

Gemara: Our Rabbis taught: 'A girl of the age of 3 years may be betrothed by sexual intercourse.' "

"Rabbi Joseph said, 'Come and hear. A maiden aged 3 years and a day may be acquired in marriage by coition.' Red on:

--- In  freeamericanow@yahoogroups.com, "union_faruque" wrote:
Re: Muhammad & His Wives, So Many of Them

Kisan of prejudice and bigotry got no one I suppose! That's why he/she is promoting his/her uninvited, blatant and boring prejudice and bigotry here.

--- In  freeamericanow@yahoogroups.com, Sandy Falknor wrote:
Re: [freeamericanow] Muhammad & His Wives, So Many of Them
either way that is to many wives to support among other things for one man to do.

sanjay pandey wrote:
Kisan do you know of hindu god Krishna.

HE had 56000 wives.

How is that for a count?

Sanjay Pandey
Sofware Designer
Calcutta,
West Bengal
India

----- Original Message ----
From: Kisan
To: vinnomot
Sent: Saturday, October 7, 2006 9:15:29 PM
Subject: [freeamericanow] Muhammad & His Wives, So Many of Them
 http://www.iranian. ws/cgi-bin/ iran_news/ exec/view. cgi/4/9453

Muhammad & His Wives, So Many of Them
Muslims will tell you a Muslim man can have up to four wives at a time, based on Sura 4:3. Strictly speaking that is not the complete truth, as a Muslim can also have unlimited concubines and can have sex with "women their right hands possess". (Sura 23:5-6; 33:50,52; 4:24; Sura 70:29-30). Regardless, though, Mohammed recited a verse in the Qur'an (Sura 33:50) that made an exception for one individual: himself. Why is that?

Aisha remarked, "It seems to me that your Lord hastens to satisfy your desire." Sahih Muslim vol.2:3453-3454 p.748-749.

On the other hand, a Muslim told me that every marriage was for humanitarian or alliance purposes. Aisha and some wives were daughters of powerful chiefs Mohammed need the support of. Others such widows, "taken care of" by Mohammed after their previous husband died. I asked, incredulously, was the Muslim really taught that every marriage was for those reasons? When he said "yes", then I said, "what about Safiyah and Zainab bint Jahsh? Since he was not aware of those, other Muslims (as well as non-Muslims) might not be either. As to the accuracy of the sources of my information, it all comes from either the Qur’an itself or authoritative hadiths of Sunni Islam.

Mohammed's Wives

Here is a list of wives of Mohammed by the Muslim scholar Ali Dashti. It should be mentioned that scholars and Hadiths are not entirely agreed on the wives of Mohammed. For example some hadiths (not Bukhari or Sahih Muslim) mention a couple of wives of Mohammed that he divorced, and these are not shown here. Nonetheless, Ali Dashti's list, while perhaps not entirely agreed upon as being comprehensive, shows many of the wives. Following this is the evidence from the hadiths, independent of Ali Dashti, for these relationships.

1. Khadija bint Khuwailid - died first

2. Sawda/Sauda bint Zam'a

3. Aisha/Aesha/ Aishah - 8 to 9 yrs old, second wife

4. Omm/’Umm Salama

5. Hafsa/Hafsah

6. Zaynab/Zainab of Jahsh

7. Jowayriya/Juwairiyy a bint Harith

8. Omm Habiba

9. Safiya/Safiyya bint Huyai/Huyayy bint Akhtab

10. Maymuna/Maimuna of Hareth

11. Fatima/Fatema/ Fatimah (briefly)

12. Hend/Hind

13. Asma of Saba

14. Zaynab of Khozayma

15. Habla

16. Asma of Noman / bint al-Nu'man

slaves / concubines

17. Mary the Christian/Copt

18. Rayhana/Raihana/ Rayhanah bint Zayd/Zaid

- uncertain relationship -

19. Omm Sharik

20. Maymuna/Maimuna (slave girl?)

21. Zaynab/Zainab 3rd

22. Khawla

- Ali Dashti missed at least ten possible other wives.

Mohammed married 15 women and consummated his marriages with 13. (al-Tabari vol.9 p.126-127)

Bukhari vol.1:282 (p.172-173) said that [at one time] Mohammed had nine wives.


Following is a short description of the hadiths and early Muslim historians say about the wives of Mohammed.

1. Khadija (pronounced ka-DI-ja) bint Khuwailid Sahih Muslim vol.4:5971 (p.1297) died three years before Aisha married Mohammed. She is mentioned in Bukhari vol.5:164,165 (p.103); vol.5:168 p.105

The full name of Mohammed's first wife was Khadijah, daughter of Khuwaylid bin Asad bin. Abd al-Uzza bin Qusayy. al-Tabari vol.39 p.3

Aisha says that Khadija took Mohammed to a Christian convert who used to read the Gospels in Arabic. Bukhari vol.4:605 p.395

Aisha was jealous of Khadija. "On that, the Prophet remembered the way Khadija used to ask permission, and that upset him. He said, 'O Allah! Hala' So I [Aisha] became jealous and said, "What makes you remember an old woman amongst the old women of Quraish an old woman (with a teethless mouth) of red gums who died long ago, and in whose place Allah has given you somebody better than her?" Bukhari vol.5:168 p.105

2. Sauda bint Zam'a Sahih Muslim vol.2:3451 (p.747) Bukhari vol.3:269 (p.154) vol.3:853 (p.29) Sahih Muslim vol.2:2958 (p.651) Sauda bint Zam'a. Sahih Muslim vol.2 footnote 1918 p.748 says that probably Aisha was married to Mohammed before her, but ‘Aisha did not enter Mohammed’s house until after Sauda was married to Mohammed.

Sauda's ex-husband, al-Sakran b. Amr b.Abd Shams became a Christian in Abyssinia and died there. al-Tabari vol.9 p.128

Physically, Aisha called Sauda "a fat huge lady". Bukhari vol.6:318 p.300

When Sauda was old she was afraid Mohammed would divorce her, so she gave her turn to Aisha. Abu Dawud vol.2:2130 p.572

She is also mentioned in al-Tabari vol.39 p.169.

3. Aisha was Abu Bakr's daughter. She married Mohammed when she was (six) 6 years old, went to his house when (nine) 9. Bukhari vol.7:88 p.65; Sahih Muslim vol.2:3309,3310, 3311 (p.715,716)

Contrary to this marriage being important for political reasons, Abu Bakr was the first convert to Islam.

This wife of Mohammed is mentioned in many places, including Sahih Muslim vol.1:1694 (p.372); Abu Dawud vol.1:1176 p.305; vol.1:1268 p.335; vol.1:1330 p.350; Abu Dawud vol.1:1336 p.351; vol.1:1419 p.373; vol.2:2382 p.654.

Aisha played with dolls while Mohammed was present. Sahih Muslim vol.4:5981 p.1299


Aisha was 6 (or 7) years old when she was married, and the marriage was consummated when she was nine years old. al-Tabari vol.9 p.130,131

Aisha was married when she was six years old, and nine when she went to Mohammed's house. Ibn-i-Majah vol.3:1876 p.133

Aisha was seven years old when she married, nine years old when she lived with Mohammed, and 18 years old when he died. (not Sahih) Ibn-i-Majah vol.3:1877 p.134

A rationale trying to explain why Mohammed married such a young girl is given in Sahih Muslim vol.2 footnote 1859 p.715. It says that "it was some exceptional circumstances that Hadrat Aisha was married to the Prophet... The second point to be noted is that Islam has laid down no age limit for puberty for it varies with countries and races due to the climate, hereditary, physical and social conditions". They also mention support from the disreputable Kinsey report on Sexual Behaviour in the Human Female.

Mohammed himself once deliberately struck Aisha "on the chest which caused me pain". according to Sahih Muslim vol.2:2127.


There was other discord too. One incident, started by Aisha was so bad, Mohammed kept away from his wives for a month 29 days) Ibn-i-Majah vol.3:2060 p.241. Ibn-i-Majah vol.3:2063 p.243. This is the context of Sura 50:1.

Aisha's Slaves

Aisha had at least one servant who cooked for her during the time of the delegation from Banu'l Muntafiq. Abu Dawud vol.1:142 p.34


Aisha had a male Muslim slave she later freed named Abu Yunus. Sunan Nasa'i vol.1:475 p.340

Aisha had a slave girl. Abu Dawud vol.1:371 p.96

Barirah was a female slave of A’isha’s, whom she later freed. Abu Dawud vol.2:2223 and footnote 1548 p.601

Aisha was quick-tempered too, striking the hand of a servant and breaking a bowl of food from another wife for Mohammed. Abu Dawud vol.2:3560-3561 p.1011

Aisha had a strong, loud voice. al-Tabari vol.17 p.65

Aisha reluctantly freed many slaves due to a broken vow. "He [Ibn Az-Subair] sent her [Aisha] ten slaves whom she manumitted [freed] as an expiation for (not keeping) her vow. Aisha manumitted more slaves for the same purpose till she manumitted forty slaves. She said, 'I wish I had specified what I would have done in case of not fulfilling my vow when I made the vow, so that I might have done it easily.'"(1) Footnote (1) says, "Aisha did not specify what she would do if she did not keep her promise, this is why she manumitted so many slaves so that she might feel at ease as to the adequacy of her expiation." Bukhari vol.4:708 p.465.

Just how many slaves did Aisha have? Or how much money did she have to buy forty slaves? The hadiths do not say. The only two clue I have found are

1) Mohammed's wives could command for tents to be set up. Ibn-i-Majah vol.3:1771 p.67.

2) One-fifth of the war booty went to the Muslim treasury, and Mohammed could take of that for he and his wives. Sahih Muslim vol.2:2347,2348; vol.2 footnote 1463 p.519; Bukhari vol.4:153 p.99; vol.6:407 p.379

Aisha and the Battle of the Camel

Aisha originally supported those who wanted to kill ‘Uthman. She claimed ‘Uthman became a disbeliever. However, after Uthman's murder she changed her mind and wanted to avenge ‘Uthman's killers. Another Muslim called her to task for that. al-Tabari vol.17 p.52-53

4. Umm Salama bint Abi Umayyah (discussing intimate things with the apostle) Sahih Muslim vol.2:2455 p.540

Umm Salamah's real name was Hind bint Abi Umayyah al-Tabari vol.39 p.175

Umm Salaim (not said to be a wife) Sahih Muslim vol.2:2992 (p.656) vol.2:3445 (p.746) wife Bukhari vol.4:333 (p.216) Bukhari vol.7:56 (p.40). Ibn-i-Majah vol.2:1634 p.473; Abu Dawud vol.1:383 p.99. Mohammed was married to Umm Salama, widow of Abu Salama (died 4 A.H. in Abyssinia). Al-Tabari vol.39 p.175. Umm Salama died when in 59 H. when she was 84 years old. Sahih Muslim vol.2 footnote 1218 p.435. Umm Salama was pregnant when Mohammed married her, and her daughter was Zainab bint Abu Salama (Sahih Muslim vol.2: 3539-3544 p.776-777. (This is the same girl as Zainab bint Umm Salama)

This wife of Mohammed is mentioned in Abu Dawud vol.1:274 p.68; vol.3:4742 p.1332; vol.2:2382 p.654; Sunan Nasa'i vol.1 no.240 p.228; Ibn-i-Majah vol.3:1779 p.72; al-Tabari vol.39 p.80.

Umm Salamah had a son before she married Mohammed. Her son went with Aisha, al-Zubayr, and Talhah. al-Tabari vol.17 p.42

5. Hafsa/Hafsah daughter of Umar bin Khattab is mentioned in Sahih Muslim vol.2:2642 p.576; vol.2:2833 p.625; vol.2:3497 p.761; Abu Dawud vol.2:2448 p.675; vol.3:5027 p.1402. She was the daughter of Umar bin al-Khattab. She was the 18-year old widow of Khunais when she married Mohamed in 625 A.D. She was born in 607 A.D., and died either 647/648, 661/662, or 665 A.D. She is also mentioned as a wife in Ibn-i-Majah vol.3:2086 p.258

After Hafsa's husband died of wounds received at Uhud, Hafsa's father thought of her marrying Uthman, but ‘Uthman declined because he knew Mohammed wanted to marry her. They married in 3 A.H. She was four years older than Aisha. Sunan Nasa’i vol.1 #32 p.117. Thus Mohammed did not marry her just to provide for her. Rather he married someone who otherwise would have been married to someone else.

Discord: Umar told his daughter Hafsa not to be misled by Aisha who is proud of her beauty and Mohammed’s love for her. Bukhari vol.7:145 p.108.

Hafsa said to Aisha "I have never received any good from you!" Bukhari vol.9:406 p.299-300

Umar said Mohammed divorced Hafsah (revocable divorce) and then took her back. Abu Dawud vol.2:2276 p.619 and . According to Ibn Ishaq, Mohammed divorced Hafsa but then took her back. al-Tabari

vol.9 footnote 884 p.131.

Hafsa, wife of Mohammed, died when she was 60 years old. al-Tabari vol.39 p.174

6. Zainab bint Jahsh Sahih Muslim vol.2:2347 (p.519) vol.2:3330 (p.723,724) vol.2:3332 (p.725) vol.2:3494 p.760. Bukhari vol.3:249 (p.138) vol.3:829 (p.512) vol.4:6883 (p.1493) Zainab's original name was "Barrah", but Mohammed changed it to Zainab Bukhari vol.8:212 (p.137); Abu Dawud vol.3:4935 p.1377-1378. Abu Dawud vol.1:1498 says Juwairyiha's name used to be Barrah.

Sura 33:36-38 in the Qur'an says, "It is not for any believer, man or woman, when God and His Messenger have decreed a matter, to have the choice in the affair. Whosoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger has gone astray into manifest error. When you said to him whom Allah had blessed and you had favoured, 'Keep your wife to yourself, and fear Allah,' and you were concealing within yourself what Allah should reveal, fearing other men; and Allah has better right for you to fear him. So when Zaid had accomplished what he would of her, then We gave her in marriage to you, so that there should not be any fault in the believers, touching the wives of their adopted sons, when they have accomplished what they would of them; and Allah's commandment must be performed. There is no fault in the prophet, touching what Allah had ordained for him."

Zainab bint Jahsh was married to Mohammed's adopted son, until Mohammed spoke the Sura that she was to divorce his son and marry Mohammed. Zainab "used to boast before the other wives of the Prophet and used to say, 'Allah married me (to the Prophet) in the Heavens.'" Bukhari vol.9:517 p.382. Also vol.9:516,518 p.381-383. In other words, in the eternally existing uncreated Qur'an in heaven, Zainab's marriage was mentioned.

Zainab of Jahsh had a brother who died before her. Abu Dawud vol.2:2292 p.624

Alleged statement that Zaid first divorced his wife Zainab just so that Mohammed might marry her. al-Tabari vol.39 p.180-182

Zainab bint Jahsh died when she was 53 years old. al-Tabari vol.39 p.182

Zainab (unspecified) Sahih Muslim vol.2:2641,2642 (p.575,576)

Zainab bint Jahsh should not be confused with Zainab who was Abu Sa'id al-Khudri’s wife. Ibn-i-Majah vol.3:2031 p.223

Zainab [verbally] abused Aishah, so Mohammed told A’ishah to abuse her. "...The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) came upon me [Aisha] while Zainab daughter of Jahsh was with us. He began to do something with his hand. I signaled to him until I made him understand about her. So he stopped. Zainab came on and began to abuse Aishah. She prevented her, but she did not stop. So he (the Prophet) said to Aishah : Abuse her. Then she abused her and dominated her. Zainab then went to Ali and said : Aishah abused you and did (such and such). Then Fatimah came (to the Prophet) and he said to her : She is favourite of your father, by the Lord of the Ka'bah! She then returned and said to them : I said to him such and such, and he said to me such and such. Then "Ali came to the Prophet (may peace be upon him) and spoke to him about that." Abu Dawud vol.3:4880 p.1364-1365

Malachi vol.2:16 says that God hates divorce.

7. Juwairiya/Juwairiyy a/Juwairyiyah bint Harith/al-Harith, a captive. Bukhari vol.3:717 (p.431-432). Sahih Muslim vol.2:2349 p.520 says that Mohammed attacked the Bani Mustaliq tribe without any warning while they were heedlessly grazing their cattle. Juwairiya was a daughter of the chief. Sahih Muslim vol.3:4292 p.942 and Abu Dawud vol.2:227 p.728 and al-Tabari vol.39 p.182-183 also say Juwairiya/Juwairiyy ah was captured in a raid on the Banu Mustaliq tribe. She had been married to Musafi' bin Safwan, who was killed in battle.

Mohammed's wife Jawairyiyah used to be named Barrah. Abu Dawud vol.1:1498 p.392. However, Bukhari vol.8:212 (p.137); Abu Dawud vol.3:4935 p.1377-1378 say Zainab's name used to be Barrah.

Juwayriyyah bint al-Harith bin Abi Birar bin Habib, great grandson of Jadhimah al-Mustaliq of the Khuza'ah group, was taken as booty when Muslims raided the al-Mustaliq tribe. Her husband, Musafi' bin Safwan Dhu al-Shuir bin Abi Asrb bin Malik bin Jadhimah was killed in the battle. She was a prisoner of war who agreed to marry Mohammed. al-Tabari vol.39 p.182-183

Juwayriyyah was captured at the Battle of al-Muraysi [against the Banu Mustaliq]. al-Tabari vol.39 p.183

Juwayriyya married Mohammed when she was 20 years old. al-Tabari vol.39 p.184

8. Umm Habiba daughter of Abu Sufyan Sahih Muslim vol.2:3413 p.739; vol.2:2963 p.652; Sahih Muslim vol.2:1581 p.352; vol.2:3539 p.776 Ibn-i-Majah vol.5:3974 p.302

(This wife of Mohammed should not be confused with another woman was also named Umm Habiba. She was the daughter of Jahsh, wife of Abd al-Rahman and sister-in-law of Mohammed, since Zainab of Jahsh was his wife. Abu Dawud vol.1:288 p.73)

Umm Habiba was 23 years younger than Mohammed. Sunan Nas'’i vol.1 #60 p.127

Umm Habiba and her first husband Ubaydallah were Muslims who went to Abyssinia. Ubaydallah converted to Christianity. al-Tabari vol.39 p.177

Mention of Zainab bint Jahsh. al-Tabari vol.39 p.180-182

9. Safiya/Safiyya/ Saffiya bint Huyai/Huyayy was a captive Mohammed married after slaughtering her father, brother, husband and the men at Khaibar, according to Bukhari vol.2:68 and vol.4:143,280 and al-Tabari vol.39 p.185.


Safiyyah was called Safi, for the first share of the booty, which went to Mohammed. Abu Dawud vol.2:2988 p.848; Abu Dawud vol.2:2985-2989 and footnote 2406 p.846-849

Safiyya was purchased by Mohammed for seven slaves. Ibn-i-Majah vol.3:2272 p.357. She was 17 when Mohammed married her. al-Tabari vol.39 p.184

Mohammed felt kindness toward Safiyya. "If Safiyyah were not grieved, I would have left him [her husband whom Mohammed executed] until the birds and beasts of prey would have eaten him, and he would have been resurrected from their bellies." Abu Dawud vol.2:3130-3131 p.893

Physically, Safiyyah was short. Abu Dawud vol.3:4857 p.1359

There was discord between wives. Zainab did not want to loan a camel to Safiyya when Mohammed asked her to. Zainab called Safiyya a "Jewess" Abu Dawud vol.3:4588 p.1293

Mohammed had nine wives at one time, including Safiyya bint Huyayy, and later he did not give her a "turn". Sahih Muslim vol.2:3455-3456 p.749

This wife of Mohammed is also mentioned in Sahih Muslim vol.2:3325; vol.2:2783 (p.605); vol.2:3118 (p.678) vol.2:3497 (p.761); Bukhari vol.3:251-255 (p.139-143) vol.2:254 (p.141-142) vol.2:255 (p.143); Ibn-i-Majah vol.3:1779 p.72; Abu Dawud vol.2:2464 p.681; al-Tabari vol.39 p.169



Safiya bint Abi Ubaid Mohammed’s wife in Bukhari vol.4:244 p.151 is probably the same person.

10. Maimuna bint Harith Sahih Muslim vol.1:1671,1674, 1675 p.368-369; vol.2:1672 p.369.

Mohammed married Maymunah bt. Al-Harith in 7 A.H. while Mohammed was in a state of ritual purity on the journey to Mecca. al-Tabari vol.8 p.136

Maymuna had been divorced once, and widowed before marrying Mohammed. al-Tabari vol.39 p.185. Maymuna was 80/81 when she died. al-Tabari vol.39 p.186

Maimuna was 30 years old when the 53-year old Mohammed married her. Mohammed died four years later. Sunan Nasa’i vol.1 #43 p.120

Maimuna, Mohammed’s wife, screened Mohammed Bukhari vol.1:279 p.171. People were screened when they bathed or went to the bathroom. Nothing was wrong with that though, she was his wife.

Slaves: Maimuna’s freed slave girl was given a sheep, which later died. Ibn-i-Majah vol.5:3610 p.93

This wife of Mohammed is also mentioned in: Ibn-i-Majah vol.3:2408 p.435; Sunan Nasa’i vol.1 no.809 p.492; vol.2:1124 p.108; Abu Dawud vol.1:1351 p.356; vol.1:1359,1360, 1362 p.357; Sunan Nasa’i vol.1 no.243 p.229.

11. Fatima/Fatema/ Fatimah was mentioned by ‘Ali Dashti. al-Tabari vol.9 p.39 states that Mohammed briefly married Fatimah bint al-Dahhak bin Sufyan (also called al-Kilabiyyah) .

Mohammed married Fatimah bint. Shurayh/Sara’ . al-Tabari vol.9 p.139. It is unclear if Shuray and al-Dahhak were two different people, making this two Fatimas, or they were alternate names for the same father.

Mention of Fatimah bin al-Dahhabi, Aliya bint Zahyah, Sana bint Sufyan al-Tabari vol.39 p.186

Mohammed consummated his marriage with "the Kilabiyyah". This would be Fatimah bint al-Dahhak bin Sufyan or Aliyah bint Zabyan bin Amr bin Awf or Sana bint Sufyan bin Awf. al-Tabari vol.39 p.187

Fatima, Mohammed’s daughter is different. The following could be Mohammed’s wife, but was probably his daughter. In the year of the conquest of Mecca, Fatima screened Mohammed. Ibn-i-Majah vol.1:465 p.255 and Sunan Nasa’i vol.1 no.228 p.224; vol.1 no.417 p.307

A Fatima screened Mohammed while he was bathing in Bukhari vol.1:278 p.170-171. However, Mohammed was taking a bath and was screened by his daughter Fatima in Bukhari vol.4:396 p.263. Fatima was Mohammed's daughter and the wife of Ali in Bukhari vol.3:302 p.171; Bukhari vol.4:325 p.208.

Mohammed did not want ‘Ali to marry anyone else besides his daughter Fatima. Ibn-i-Majah vol.3:1998-1999 p.202-204. However, ‘Ali later had a captive slave girl, the daughter of Rab’iah, who bore him a daughter name Umm Ruqayyah. al-Tabari vol.11 p.66.

Wanted a slave: While Mohammed gave many slaves to Aisha, Fatima thought she got a bad deal. Mohammed's daughter Fatima complained to Mohammed about her using the grinding stone and asked for a slave (prisoner of war). Mohammed did not give her one, but he said he gave her something better. He told her to say glory be to Allah 33 times, Praise be to Allah 34 times, and Allah is most great 34 times. Abu Dawud vol.3:5044-5045 p.1405

12. Hend/Hind was formerly married to Abu Sufyan, who was a very stingy man, according to Sahih Muslim vol.3:4251-4254 p.928-929.

14. Zainab of Khozayma/Khuzaima belonged to the tribe of Banu Hilal. She was divorced from a Muslim Tufayl, then married his brother ‘Ubaydah, who was killed at Badr. Then she married Mohammed. She was born 595 A.D. and died in 626 A.D. at 31. See al-Tabari vol.7 p.150 footnotes 215,216 and al-Tabari vol.39 p.163-164 for more info.

Mohammed married Zainab bint Khuzaima, but she died before he did. Sunan Nasa’i vol.1 #64 p.129

16. Asma of Noman / bint al-Nu'man bin Abi al-Jawn of the Kindah tribe was married to Mohammed, but the marriage was never consummated. al-Tabari vol.10 p.185 and footnote 1131 p.185.

On the other hand, al-Tabari vol.10 p.190 says that Al-Nu'man al-Jawn offered his daughter to Mohammed, but Mohammed declined. Perhaps "declined" means Mohammed divorced her before ever sleeping with her.

Mohammed married Asma bint al-Nu’man bin al-Aswad bin Sharahil. However, she had leprosy, so Mohammed gave her money and divorced her. al-Tabari vol.9 p.137. Why would he do that to a woman he loved?

‘Asma bint al-Nu’man was a widow Mohammed married Either Hafsa or A’isha tricked ‘Asma by telling her Mohammed would be pleased if she said she took refuge in Allah from Mohammed. al-Tabari vol.39 p.188-190

Brief mention of ‘Asma bint Nu’man in al-Tabari vol.39 p.190

Mohammed divorced one woman Mohammed because she took refuge in Allah from Mohammed. He divorced another because she had leprosy. There is some mixup of which name is with which case in al-Tabari.

17. Mary/Mariya the Copt/Christian was a wife [concubine] of the Holy Prophet according to Sahih Muslim vol.4 footnote p.2835. p.1351. Mary the Copt gave birth to Mohammed’s son Ibrahim in al-Tabari vol.9 p.39. He died when he was two years old. The Muslim emissary Hatib b. Abi Balta’ah returned from al-Muqawqis [Egypt] with Mariya [Mary the Copt], her sister Sirin, a female mule, sets of garments, and a eunuch. Hatib invited them to become Muslims, and the two women did so [according to Tabari]. Mariyah was beautiful, and Mohammed sent her sister Sirin to Hassan b. Thabit. Sirin and Hassan were the parents of ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Hassan. al-Tabari vol.8 p.66,131.

A Muslim might say Mohammed had to marry her because she was a gift from Egypt, but her sister Sirin was also a gift, and he did not marry Sirin. Mary was a gift from the governor of Alexandria. al-Tabari vol.39 p.193

It was claimed that Mary became a Muslim, but Mohammed still kept her as a slave rather than a regular wife. al-Tabari vol.39 p.194

Mary the Copt died in 637/638 A.D. al-Tabari vol.39 p.22

18. Rayhana/Raihana/ Rayhanah bint Zaid/Zayd was a Jewish captive from the Quraiza tribe. Mohammed offered to make her a wife instead of a slave, but she decline and remained Jewish according to al-Tabari vol.8 p.39. See also al-Tabari vol.9 p.137. However, the source in al-Tabari vol.39 p.164-165 says Mohammed set her free and then married her.

Mohammed had two concubines: Mariya bint Sham'un the Copt, and Rayhanah bint Zayd al-Quraziyyah of the Banu al-Nadir. al-Tabari vol.9 p.141. Mariya was an um walid of Mohammed according to al-Tabari vol.13 p.58.

20. Maimuna was a woman who offered herself to Mohammed according to Sahih Muslim vol.2 footnote 1919. It could be the same Maimuna as 10, or a different one. Married in 7 .H.

Women of Mohammed’s Right Hand

"…abstain from sex, except with those joined to them in the marriage bond, or (the captives) whom their right hands possess - for (in their case) they are free from blame," Sura 23:5-6. See also Sura 4:24

"He [Mohammed] replied, ‘Conceal your private parts except from your wife and from whom your right hands possess (slave-girls) .’" Abu Dawud vol.3:4006 p.1123

Abu Dawud vol.3:4443-4445 p.1244 shows that having sex with a slave-girl a man owns is OK, but a man will be flogged for having sex with his wife’s slave-girl.

As was typical of wealthy Arab men, Mohammed had a few slave girls too. See Bukhari vol.7:274 p.210.

Salmah for was a maid-servant of Mohammed. Abu Dawud vol.3:3849 p.1084

Maimuna was the freed slave girl of Mohammed. Ibn-i-Majah vol.3:2531 p.514; Abu Dawud vol.1:457 p.118

Mohammed briefly had a "very beautiful" captive before he gave her to Mahmiyah b. Jaz’ al-Zubaydi. al-Tabari vol.8 p.151

One of the slave girls belonging to Mohammed house committed fornication with someone else. It is the "someone else" part that was a problem. Abu Dawud vol.3:4458 p.1249

Mohammed called a black slave-girl to come and conceal Abu Dharr behind a curtain while he was taking a bath. Abu Dawud vol.1:332 p.87

Mention Umm Ayman (=Barakah), a client (slave-girl) of the prophet. al-Tabari vol.39 p.287

Mohammed definitely had a sense of humor. Umm Ayman, the Prophet’s client [i.e. slave whom it was lawful for him to spend the night with]. According to al-Husayn … Umm Ayman: [One] night the Prophet got up and urinated in the corner of the house into an earthenware vessel. During the night I got up, and being thirsty, I drank what was in the vessel, not noticing [anything]. When the Prophet got up in the morning he said ‘O Umm Ayman, take that earthenware vessel and pour away its content.’ I said ‘By God, I drank what was in it.’ The Prophet laughed until his molar teeth showed, then said ‘After this you will never have a bellyache.’" al-Tabari vol.39 p.199



Other and Brief Marriages

Aisha felt jealous of the women who offered themselves to Mohammed [as wives]. Sahih Muslim vol.2:3453 p.748. But it was OK that a woman offered herself to Mohammed. Ibn-i-Majah vol.3:2000-2001 p.304-305

Mohammed married (married is the word in the text) Mulaykah bint Dawud al-Laythiyyah, but when she was told that Mohammed was the one who had her father killed, she took refuge in Allah from Mohammed. So Mohammed separated from her. al-Tabari vol.8 p.189. The same thing is told of Mulaykah bint Ka’b (who is likely the same person) in al-Tabari vol.39 p.165

Mohammed married al-Shanba bint Amr al-Ghifariyyah; her people were allies of the banu Qurayza. When Ibrahim died, she said that if he were a true prophet his son would not have died. Mohammed divorced her before consummating his marriage with her. al-Tabari vol.9 p.136

Mulaykah bint Ka'b was married very briefly to Mohammed. A’isha asked her if she wanted to marry the man who killed her husband. She "took refuge in God" from Mohammed, so Mohammed divorced her. al-Tabari vol.39 p.165

Mohammed divorced a woman because she had leprosy. al-Tabari vol.39 p.187

Mohammed divorced an unnamed woman because she would peek at those leaving the mosque. al-Tabari vol.39 p.187


Mohammed married al-Aliyyah, but then divorced her. al-Tabari vol.9 p.138

Mohammed divorced Amrah bint Yazid because she had leprosy. al-Tabari vol.39 p.188

Mohammed stayed with Aliyah bint Zabyan bin Amr bin Awf bin Ka'b a while, then divorced her. al-Tabari vol.39 p.188

Mention of Mohammed’s brief marriage with Sana bint Sufyan. al-Tabari vol.39 p.188

Some thought Mohammed married al-Ash’ath, but that is false according to al-Tabari vol.39 p.190i

Mohammed divorced ‘Amra. Ibn-i-Majah vol.3:2054 p.233 vol.3:2030 p.226 (daif [weak], not Sahih)

Mohammed married al-Nashat bint Rifa’ah of the Banu Kilab bin Rabi’ah, allies of the Qurayzah. She was also called Sana. However, she died before the Prophet consummated his marriage with her. al-Tabari vol.9 p.135-136. al-Tabari vol.39 p.166 says the same thing about Sana bint al-Salt.

Mohammed married Qutaylah bint. Qays but she died before they consummated the marriage. al-Tabari vol.9 p.138

Mohammed married Ghaziyyah bint Jabir. "When the Prophet went to her he found her to be an old woman, so he divorced her." al-Tabari vol.9 p.139

It is said that Mohammed married Khawlah bint al-Hudayl. al-Tabari vol.9 p.139. She was a wife of Mohammed’s according to al-Tabari vol.39 p.166

Daughter of Al-Jaun [Jahal] was married very briefly to Mohammed. Bukhari vol.7:181 p.131,132

Abu Dawud vol.3:4443-4445 p.1244 teaches that having sex with a slave-girl a man owns is OK, but a man will be flogged for having sex with his wife’s slave-girl.

But, having sex with a wife's slave girl is OK if the wife made her lawful for him. Note that he did not have to be married to the slave girl. Ibn-i-Majah vol.4:2551 p.12

Marriage Proposals Declined

Mohammed asked to marry Ghaziyyah on account of her beauty, but she declined. Tabari claims she was in a state of infidelity but provides no evidence. al-Tabari vol.9 p.136

Layla clapped Mohammed's shoulder from behind and asked him to marry her. Mohammed accepted. Layla's people said she did a bad thing, so Layla returned to Mohammed and asked him to revoke [annul] the marriage and Mohammed complied. al-Tabari vol.9 p.139

From to al-Tabari vol.9 p.140-141, Mohammed proposed marriage to, but ended up not marrying:

1) Umm Hani bin Abi Talib [Hind] because she said she was with child.

2) Duba’ah bint ‘Amir but she was too old.

3) Reportedly he proposed to Saffiyah bint Bashshamah, a captive. She was allowed to choose between Mohammed and her husband, and she chose her husband.

4) Umm Habib bint al-Abbas but since al-Abbas was his foster brother so it would not have been lawful so Mohammed backed out.

5) Jamrah bint. Al-Harith. Her father falsely claimed she was suffering from something. When he returned, he found that she had already been afflicted with leprosy.

It is inconsistent on whether Umm Hani' became a Muslim before or after Mohammed asked her to marry him. al-Tabari vol.39 p.197 and footnote 857 p.197
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